Moomaw, W.R., Masino, S.A., Faison, E.K., 2019. Intact forests in the United States: proforestation mitigates climate change and serves the greatest good. Front. For. Glob. Change, 11 June 2019.


Summary: The authors coin the term ‘proforestation’ – growing existing forests intact to their ecological potential – and quantify the role of this climate smart practice in mitigating climate change and generating a wide range of ecosystem service benefits.

Key excerpts:

  • “The IPCC identifies reforestationand afforestation as important strategies to increase negative emissions, but they face significant challenges: afforestation requires an enormous amount of additional land, and neither strategy can remove sufficient carbon by growing young trees during the critical next decade(s).”
  • “In contrast, growing existing forests intact to their ecological potential—termed proforestation—is a more effective, immediate, and low-cost approach that could be mobilized across suitable forests of all types.”
  • “Proforestation serves the greatest public good by maximizing co-benefits such as nature-based biological carbon sequestration and unparalleled ecosystem services such as biodiversity enhancement, water and air quality, flood and erosion control, public health benefits, low impact recreation, and scenic beauty.”